Noncancerous growths of the uterus that often appear during the childbearing years.
A common growth of the uterus that isn't cancer.
Uterine fibroids often appear during the years when people usually are able to give birth. The exact cause of these growths isn't clear. Factors such as gene changes and hormones may play roles. Black people are more likely to have fibroids than are people of other racial groups. Uterine fibroids also are called leiomyomas or myomas.
Many people who have uterine fibroids don't notice symptoms. Those who do get symptoms may have heavy menstrual bleeding. Periods may be longer or more frequent than usual. Pain may be felt in the pelvis, stomach area or lower back. Pain also may happen during sex. Large fibroids might cause the stomach area to grow.
Various uterine fibroid treatments are available. Medicines can ease symptoms or shrink fibroids. Procedures that involve few or no surgical cuts can destroy these growths. Traditional surgery can remove fibroids or the uterus. A person with mild or no symptoms might only need health care checkups to watch for changes in the fibroids and symptoms.