A serious gum infection that damages gums and can destroy the jawbone.


Periodontitis is common but fairly preventable. The cause is usually poor oral hygiene. Periodontitis can lead to tooth loss. It's a risk factor for heart and lung diseases.


Symptoms include swollen, red, and tender gums.


Treatment includes professionally cleaning the pockets around teeth to prevent damage to surrounding bone. Advanced cases may require surgery.

© 1998-2023 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). All rights reserved. | Terms of Use