Hepatic encephalopathy

The loss of brain function when a damaged liver doesn't remove toxins from the blood.


Hepatic encephalopathy generally occurs in people with chronic liver disease, such a cirrhosis or hepatitis. Triggers include infection and dehydration.


Early symptoms include forgetfulness, confusion, and breath with a sweet or musty odor. Advanced symptoms include shaking of the hands or arms, disorientation, and slurred speech.


Treatment includes removing toxic substances from the intestine.

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