Short height that results from a genetic or medical condition.
Dwarfism is generally defined as an adult height of four feet 10 inches or less. The average adult height in dwarfism is four feet.
Common complications include bowing of the legs, hunching of the back, and crowded teeth.
Treatments are aimed at reducing complications. Surgery may help stabilize and correct the shape of the spine. Hormone therapy may increase final height in some cases.