A bulge of the bladder into the vagina.
A cystocele can result from childbirth, constipation, violent coughing, heavy lifting, or other pelvic muscle strain.
Symptoms include feeling pressure in the pelvis and vagina, discomfort when straining, and feeling that the bladder hasn't fully emptied after urinating.
Mild cases don't need treatment. If needed, treatments include a flexible ring to support the bladder, estrogen therapy, or surgery.